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*Note* This scheduling program was not designed by folks who do a lot with APA Style and unfortunately it defaults to listing authors in alphabetical order. We cannot fix this for this online schedule, but the author orders are posted in the order submitted in the printed program available via pdf here.

Sunday, March 8 • 10:05am - 11:20am
Posttrauma Appraisals and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Women Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence

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Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a substantial public health problem in the United States: over 1.3 million women are physically assaulted by a romantic partner each year, and between 25 and 33% of women will be physically assaulted by a romantic partner in her lifetime. Women exposed to IPV are at risk for a wide range of physical and mental health consequences, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Recent research has highlighted the importance of a flexible and victim-centered approach to IPV victim advocacy and support, rather than a “one size fits all” response that may not meet the specific needs of each woman. Studies have utilized person-oriented methods such as latent profile analysis (LPA) to identify subgroups of individuals who share similar patterns of PTSD symptom endorsement, but further study is needed among women exposed to IPV. By identifying latent subgroups, LPA may provide an empirical basis for practitioners to design and implement PTSD intervention efforts that are tailored to specific symptom profiles. In a sample of women exposed to police-reported IPV (N = 229), we identified five latent classes of PTSD symptom profiles stratified by symptom severity. Multinomial logistic regression models examined associations between latent classes and contextual variables (socioeconomic status, financial dependence, social support, prior trauma exposure, and arrest incident severity) and trauma appraisals (alienation, fear, and self-blame). The strongest independent predictors of PTSD latent profile membership were IPV-related trauma appraisals. Alienation and fear appraisals were consistently associated with increased likelihood of belonging to more symptomatic classes. We found a quadratic relationship between increased self-blame appraisals and PTSD symptom profile. Arrest incident severity was also independently associated with PTSD latent profile membership. These findings suggest the need for careful consideration of differences among IPV-exposed women within the larger context of PTSD research and clinical intervention.

Speakers

Sunday March 8, 2015 10:05am - 11:20am
Gold Rush A